Speak with honesty listen to understand
Moral Imperatives for World Order
Alain Locke, Professor of Philosophy, Howard University, Washington, D. C., United States
Our collaboration is based on a presentation made by Professor Locke, on "Moral Imperatives for World Order", delivered at the Institute of International Relations, Tenth Annual Session, June 18–28, 1944, Oakland, California.
Issues of race Locke presented in 1944 are still revenant today, even more so, given the nature and extent of racial problems still being experienced in the United States and also internationally. Therefore, this collaboration elicits an understanding the depth of the problem, analysing it, and then to formulate a body of work based on solutions and how to implement them.
The following analysis by Christopher Buck is on how Locke’s presentation (1944) reflects current discourse and social and international conditions (2023), if important progress is realized, what might still to be done, and what transitional affects for the coming new era.
The presentation is in three-parts: (1) racism, although an American problem, is not only a domestic issue; (2) racism has bilateral and multilateral consequences in an international context; and as a (3) “moral imperative”—promoting unity among races, religions, and nations—is primary in the quest for world peace.
Though racism is an American problem, is also an issue having global ramifications. Establishing world peace is contingent on race unity, eliminating racial prejudice, and creating interracial harmony. The international aspect is of primary concern because racism's diabolical influence leaves no country
⎯“The Moral Imperatives for World Order,” Summary of Proceedings, Insti-tute of International Relations, Mills College, Oakland, CA, June 18–28, 1944, 19–20. (Edited by Christopher Buck, based on digital scans kindly pro-vided by Mills College.) Reprinted in Buck, The Philosophy of Alain Locke, p. 143 (Introduction) and pp. 151–52.
the Poet’s Mission ⎯ the Vision of World Unity
Suheil Badi Bushrui (14 Sep 1929—02 Sep 2015).
Suheil Badi Bushrui was a professor, author, poet, critic, translator, and peacemaker; a prominent scholar regarding the life and works of the Lebanese-American author and poet Kahlil Gibran, and renowned for his contributions through his books, lectures, and academic papers about the Irish poets W. B. Yeats, James Joyce, and other Irish literary figures.
The Age of Anxiety and the Century of Light: Twentieth-Century Literature, the Poet’s Mission, and the Vision of World Unity
We continue our theme of ‘World Order’ (World Unity) because of its importance to capture an inclusive vision and acquire forthright understanding of the crucible upon which humanity stands today. This is a key to understand the necessity for creating those sustaining requirements upon which foundations are layed for the coming age.
We present the following article by Professor Bushrui who states that “The twentieth century was a period of crisis and promise, a Century of Light and an “Age of Anxiety. ” Among the literary figures who recognized and confronted the spiritual and intellectual crisis of their time were W. B. Yeats, T. S. Eliot, W. H. Auden, and Kahlil Gibran, among others. Through reference to their works, this article examines the mission of the poet—to bear witness, to maintain the integrity of language, to express and to live those eternal truths and values that lift and inspire the human spirit and which can serve as the basis of a culture of peace…”
At its end, the article refers to “Robert Bridges, who belongs both to the Victorian age and to the early decades of the twentieth century, grasped perhaps more deeply than anyone else the reality of this crisis, and realized its implications. Fired by his vision, he compiled in 1915, during the horrors of the First World War, an anthology of philosophic writing entitled The Spirit of Man. In the preface to the book, Bridges wrote: “Spirituality is the basis and foundation of human life . . . rather than the apex or the final attainment of it. It must underlie everything . . . man is a spiritual being, and the proper work of his mind is to interpret the world according to his higher nature, and to conquer the material aspects of the world so as to bring them into subjection to the spirit” ([ref.] i–ii).
international policy ⎯ RESOURCE innovations
U.N. Diplomacy | U.S. Civil Rights Activist
Dr. Ralph J. Bunche (1904-1971).
Ralph Bunche was born into the heyday of colonial rule. During his lifetime⎯and in part due to his efforts, nearly a billion people of color gained independence from foreign rule.
Dr. Bunche merits renewed recognition both for his extraordinary American life and for the lens he provides on two significant features of the 20th century⎯(1) the creation of the postwar international order and (2) the struggle for racial equality⎯that are rarely joined, but deserve to be.
These two topics are central to our discussion⎯how they are intertwined, and processes and procedures needed to stamp this requirement on human intelligence and embed it within the consciousness of a heedless humanity.
Dr. Bunche was deeply involved the realm of ideas internationally, locally, and also in his own personal life.
Please note that Dr. Bunche became the first African American awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating a cease-fire and securing peace between the new state of Israel and regional Arab nations. Bunche became UN Undersecretary-General for Special Political Affairs in 1955 and focused on decolonization and human rights issues. President Johnson awarded him the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1963 for his United Nations work on Middle East peace. In 1997, the State Department renamed its library — the oldest library in the U.S. federal government — for him.
The Great Learning ⎯ The Art of Governing
The art of governing is dependent upon virtues, moral principles, and ethical standards of conduct integrated into the process to enhance practicing norms. In this way governance becomes renown for its persuasiveness and as enabler of the public good. Governance is inclusive to all levels of society and defines leadership. Having acquired the mandate for justice, Leadership via governance must vigorously investigate the affairs of the disenfranchised, the poorly affected, and employ proper means to resolve their difficulties.
For leaders to govern and govern well they must first master the art of self-leadership. Lessons learned can then be applied to regulate their families. In order to regulate their families they must first practice virtue in their own lives. In order to arrive at the practice of virtue, they must seek sincerity and purity of thought. In order to obtain purity of thought, they must first extend their knowledge gained through education and practical experience. The extension of knowledge lay in the investigation of things, a necessary step to advance one's understanding. Understanding and experience combine to increase ability to provide solutions, and then determine proper procedures to implement them to resolve difficult situations.
Indigenous people ⎯ potent discernment
When discussing the important characteristics of indigenous peoples, perhaps the most important aspect is indigenous cosmic visions. This is the conception of creation as a living process, resulting in a living universe in which a kinship exists between all things. What is evident is the spiritual perception, the knowing, the understanding of the oneness, the unity and interrelationship of all created things. ⎯Jack D. Forbes, Daedalus
That which characterizes indigenous peoples life-cycle is, namely, spirituality.
"We must try to use the pipe for mankind, which is on the road to self-destruction. . . . This can be done only if all of us, Indians and non-Indians alike, can again see ourselves as part of the earth, not as an enemy from the outside who tries to impose its will on it. Because we . . . also know that, being a living part of the earth, we cannot harm any part of her without hurting ourselves."
View Reference ⎯ Fire, Lame Deer, and Erdoes, Lame Deer, Seeker of Visions, Pg. 265–266.
"This troubled planet is a place of the most violent contrasts. Those that receive the rewards are totally separated from those who shoulder the burdens. It is not a wise leadership."
Spock, “The Cloud Minders,” Star Trek
Humanity, as a same-source entity, embodies an inherent and shared spiritual commonality, the source of its identity from which it derives meaning, values, and creative potential. It receives enhancement from religious heritages, cultural orientations, ethnic persuasions, and social adherences. Such rich and varied diversity makes humanity a viable resource and, as it interacts through dialogue and empathic consciousness, becomes energized with synergistic capability. Then humankind will implement those essential values-driven components able to devise skill-enhanced systems capable of creating a society based on justice.
Visionary and principled leadership together, backed by moral courage and personal sacrifice, provide the synergistic energy needed to propel humanity's unwavering commitment to establish justice in society. Elements that assist in guiding this effort are listed below, to include other information found on this site.